Phonological Inventory Edit

Kuraŋo's phonological inventory is defined by the constraints of its orthography.


Labial Alveolar Velar Glottal
Nasal m n ŋ
Stop p b t d k g ʔ
Fricative ɸ β s z x ɣ
Sonorant ⱱ ~ w ɾ ~ ɹ ɰ ~ j

With the exception of the glottal stop, Kuraŋo features a three-way contrast in place, a two-way contrast in modality, and a four-way contrast in manner.


ⱱ ~ w Edit
ɾ ~ ɹ Edit
ɰ ~ j Edit

It is generally accepted that [ɰ ~ j] is underlyingly /ɰ/. However, it palatalizes to [j] before /i/.


Front-Unround Back-Round
High i a
Low u o ~ ɔ

Kuraŋo vowels contrast in two features: front-unround and back-round.

actually decide if u want vowel length contrast


o ~ ɔ Edit

Syllable Structure Edit

Kuraŋo's syllable structure is also constrained by its orthography, but to a lesser degree. Basically, there are two acceptable syllable patterns: CV and CVV. Orthographically, it may look like V/VV are possible syllables, but a glottal stop is epenthesized before syllables that orthographically begin with a vowel, making these syllables CV/CVV instead.